There are several types of water filtration systems available today. Many people wonder which types they should use in their home. Water filtration is very important and there are several types of methods that can be used to remove contaminants from tap water. When it comes to the types of filtration systems, it depends on what the contaminants are, where you live and how much contamination is present. Here is a look at the most common types of filtration systems that are on the market today.
One type of filtration system that is available on the market is an ion exchange system. This method is used in many different types of water softener devices because it removes harmful substances from the water. An ion exchange filtration system will remove metals, VOCs, volatile organic compounds, lead, cysts, odor, pesticides, prescription drugs, THMs and other hazardous chemicals from your water. Because some types of contaminants cannot be removed by ion exchange, the other types of filtration methods must be used.
Another common type of filtration system is the distillation process. In this method, it boils the impurities in the drinking water system. Some types of contaminants cannot be removed by boiling. For example, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, ferrous iron, manganese, lead, chlorine, pesticides, chloroform, THMs, microorganisms and other chemicals cannot be removed by boiling. Instead, these chemicals are broken down by the steam and then the water is boiled again. The only contaminants that can be removed by boiling are THMs, VOCs, lead and organic materials.
One type of filtration that is best for most types of contaminants is carbon absorption filtration. It is also the cheapest among the different types of filtration. Carbon absorption filtration removes sediments and some minerals from your tap water. This method has to be cycled because it removes too many types of minerals and some minerals are good for us and our bodies.
A carbon absorption filtration system that treats both sodium and potassium is a reverse osmosis system. The filtration method removes contaminants with a molecular charge and leaves the healthy substances in the water. This is the best system for treating both sodium and potassium because it does not remove any trace minerals. A reverse osmosis home water treatment system removes trace minerals like calcium, magnesium and potassium. It also removes large particulates of impurities like herbicides and pesticides.
Some types of water filtration systems also remove chlorine from tap water. Although some people feel that chlorine is necessary for disinfection, studies show that chlorine increases the risk of bladder cancer. It decreases the ability of immune cells to fight disease and increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.